Bf 109

As much as the Spitfire, the Bf 109 is one of the emblematic airplanes of World War 2 military aviation. This aircraft was the most common fighter of the Luftwaffe during the conflict. Light, fast and tough, this airplane will be remembered as one of the greatest prop interceptor ever built.

The Bf 109 prototype took off in September, 1935. It was the first airplane used in combat during the Civil War in Spain in 1937, with German pilots enrolled in the Condor legion. This allowed the German to test the aircraft possibilities, and so they were well prepared in 1939 at the outbreak of the Second World War.

In 1940, during the Battle of Britain, Bf 109s were used to escort German bombers. The German airplane was more agile than the British Hurricane but less than the Spitfire; this explains why in the end the British aviation prevailed.

Almost 35,000 units of the Bf 109 different versions were built, in Germany or other countries.

Type: Fighter
Engine: Daimler-Benz 604 A1 dev. 1 475 hp
Max speed: 553 Km/h (342 mph)
Ceiling: 10 500 m (34,450 ft.)
Range: 660 Km (410 mi.)
Weight (empty): 2 600 kg (5,900 lb.)
Weight (loaded): 3 400 Kg (7,500 lb.)
Wingspan: 9,86 m (32’4″)
Length: 8,64 m (28’4″)
Height: 2,50 m (8’3″)
Armament: One engine mounted 20-mm cannon and four 7,7-mm machine guns.

military aircraft cockpit